Floral Biology and Pollination Ecology of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus L. Moench)
Professor Olugbenga E. Ige, Eludire M. O.

The floral biology and pollination ecology of three varieties of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus, L. Moench) was carried out. They are: long okra (lady’s finger), short okra (spine okra), and L.S 45. The investigation revealed that L.S 45 was the first variety to germinate on the 4th day followed by the two remaining varieties that germinated on the 5th day. From germination to flowering, the varieties showed morphological differences and similarities in growth rate, height, and flowering period. The flower structure combines hermaphrodism and self compatibility and the anthesis took place at night. The flower opened at dawn; remain opened all morning and closed in the evening. It is wilted in the evening and the petals fall the next day. There were significant similarities in the pollen morphological structures and in terms of pollen productivity per flower, var. long okra produced the highest.

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