Spatial Distribution and Biodiversity of Kingdom Animalia at the Jupo River, Changwon-City, Korea
Man Kyu Huh

Abstract
The spatial distribution of animal populations is an important feature of population structure. Biodiversity and water quality were widely used in river ecology and natural animal fauna. I assume that the primary question underlying monitoring is to ask whether biodiversity is changing over time for sites. The study was described in the spatial patterns of animals for four stations at the Jupo River in Korea during four seasons. Invertebrate animals exhibited the greatest species diversity with 12 taxa identified, followed by birds (Aves), reptiles/amphibians (Sauropsida/Amphibia) with eight taxa, fish with eight, and mammals represented by seven taxon. Shannon- Weaver indices (H´) of diversity for mammals was varied from 1.030 to 1.898. Upper region was considerable high richness in mammals and birds. Although evenness indices for five animal kingdoms were different from each other, there were not shown significant differences (P<0.05). The portion of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) in the river increased exponentially along the upper-down gradient. Total nitrogen and phosphate were also accumulated downward. Many artificial actions reduced the water’s natural filtration action and eliminated many species at their habitat in the Jupo River.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/aijb.v3n1a5